The National Museum of Slovenia is proud to display the earliest musical instrument in the world, a 60,000-year-old Neanderthal flute.
This object of global significance was discovered during archaeological excavations of Divje babe cave, and has been declared by experts to have definitely been made by Neanderthals.
A femur of a young cave bear was redesigned clearly with the intent to be used for sound expression, and thus is no random product. The distribution of the holes and preserved length make a system that allows a wide range of sonority in melodic movement.
The flute from Divje babe is the oldest Palaeolithic flute known to date worldwide and the only one that was definitely made by Neanderthals. It is at least 10,000 years older than other Palaeolithic flutes, which are contemporaneous with the appearance of the anatomically modern people in Europe; fundamental evidence that the Neanderthals were, like us, fully developed spiritual beings capable of sophisticated artistic expression.
See the oldest musical instrument in the world at the National Museum of Slovenia, and listen to how it sounds.
Here you can see a 3D image of the flute.